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Calorie Restriction Lowers Body Temperature in Rhesus Monkeys, Consistent with a Postulated Anti-Aging Mechanism in Rodents
Mark A. Lane, David J. Baer, William V. Rumpler, Richard Weindruch, Donald K. Ingram, Edward M. Tilmont, Richard G. Cutler and George S. Roth
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 93, No. 9 (Apr. 30, 1996), pp. 4159-4164
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/39212
Page Count: 6
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Many studies of caloric restriction (CR) in rodents and lower animals indicate that this nutritional manipulation retards aging processes, as evidenced by increased longevity, reduced pathology, and maintenance of physiological function in a more youthful state. The anti-aging effects of CR are believed to relate, at least in part, to changes in energy metabolism. We are attempting to determine whether similar effects occur in response to CR in nonhuman primates. Core (rectal) body temperature decreased progressively with age from 2 to 30 years in rhesus monkeys fed ad lib (controls) and is reduced by ≈ 0.5 degrees C in age-matched monkeys subjected to 6 years of a 30% reduction in caloric intake. A short-term (1 month) 30% restriction of 2.5-year-old monkeys lowered subcutaneous body temperature by 1.0 degrees C. Indirect calorimetry showed that 24-hr energy expenditure was reduced by approximately 24% during short-term CR. The temporal association between reduced body temperature and energy expenditure suggests that reductions in body temperature relate to the induction of an energy conservation mechanism during CR. These reductions in body temperature and energy expenditure are consistent with findings in rodent studies in which aging rate was retarded by CR, now strengthening the possibility that CR may exert beneficial effects in primates analogous to those observed in rodents.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1996 National Academy of Sciences