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The Dresden Type Satyr-Hermaphrodite Group in Roman Theaters

Alexandra Retzleff
American Journal of Archaeology
Vol. 111, No. 3 (Jul., 2007), pp. 459-472
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40027079
Page Count: 14
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The Dresden Type Satyr-Hermaphrodite Group in Roman Theaters
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Abstract

The Dresden type satyr-hermaphrodite group is known through more than 30 Roman replicas in various media. The meaning of the group has traditionally been derived from its discovery in domestic contexts, but replicas from the theaters at Daphne and Side raise different questions regarding viewer reception. The horizontal composition and small scale of the groups suggest they may have decorated the "pulpitum" (stage) of those theaters. At the Daphne theater, where two replicas were found, the groups were likely displayed as pendants, offering complimentary views of the same sculptural composition. In terms of subject matter, the Dresden type satyr-hermaphrodite group yields several nuanced interpretations associated with the theater, including connotations of "paideia" (Roman reverance for the Greek past), Dionysiac aspects, the reversal of norms, the objectification of the body, the sexual tryst, and the "agon".

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