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The Attitudes of Police Executives Toward Miranda and Interrogation Policies

Marvin Zalman and Brad W. Smith
The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1973-)
Vol. 97, No. 3 (Spring, 2007), pp. 873-942
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40042844
Page Count: 70
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Attitudes of Police Executives Toward Miranda and Interrogation Policies
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Abstract

Top administrators of the largest American municipal police departments were surveyed regarding interrogation law and practice. Major findings include: (1) Most big city police administrators do not wish to overturn Miranda; officers in their departments complied with Miranda rules. Administrators agreed with the results of the majority opinions in both U.S. v. Patane and Missouri v. Siebert. (2) Administrators disagreed with the practice of deliberately evading Miranda rules known as interrogation "outside Miranda. " (3) Three-quarters of the respondents disagreed with the proposition that aggressive psychological interrogation causes false confessions. (4) Three-fifths of big city police administrators favored the videotaping of interrogation sessions. (5) Disciplining officers for Miranda violations is uncommon. The survey indicates "wholesale" compliance with legal rules designed to guide police interrogations. However, support for violations is sufficient to be of concern for a legal system that espouses the rule of law. Although some failures to comply are a result of frequent changes in Miranda law by the Supreme Court, police agencies have an obligation to closely monitor the actions of officers.

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