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Average Dispersal Success: Linking Home Range, Dispersal, and Metapopulation Dynamics to Reserve Design

William F. Fagan and Frithjof Lutscher
Ecological Applications
Vol. 16, No. 2 (Apr., 2006), pp. 820-828
Published by: Wiley
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40061698
Page Count: 9
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Average Dispersal Success: Linking Home Range, Dispersal, and Metapopulation Dynamics to Reserve Design
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Abstract

Spatially explicit models for populations are often difficult to tackle mathematically and, in addition, require detailed data on individual movement behavior that are not easily obtained. An approximation known as the "average dispersal success" provides a tool for converting complex models, which may include stage structure and a mechanistic description of dispersal, into a simple matrix model. This simpler matrix model has two key advantages. First, it is easier to parameterize from the types of empirical data typically available to conservation biologists, such as survivorship, fecundity, and the fraction of juveniles produced in a study area that also recruit within the study area. Second, it is more amenable to theoretical investigation. Here, we use the average dispersal success approximation to develop estimates of the critical reserve size for systems comprising single patches or simple metapopulations. The quantitative approach can be used for both plants and animals; however, to provide a concrete example of the technique's utility, we focus on a special case pertinent to animals. Specifically, for territorial animals, we can characterize such an estimate of minimum viable habitat area in terms of the number of home ranges that the reserve contains. Consequently, the average dispersal success framework provides a framework through which home range size, natal dispersal distances, and metapopulation dynamics can be linked to reserve design. We briefly illustrate the approach using empirical data for the swift fox (Vulpes velox).

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