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Prevention of Depressive Symptoms in Schoolchildren: Two-Year Follow-Up
Jane E. Gillham, Karen J. Reivich, Lisa H. Jaycox and Martin E. P. Seligman
Vol. 6, No. 6 (Nov., 1995), pp. 343-351
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40062887
Page Count: 9
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Depressive disorders, Childhood mental disorders, Children, Child psychology, Control groups, Adolescents, Questionnaires, Parents, Clinical psychology, Cognitive therapy
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After teaching cognitive and social-problem-solving techniques designed to prevent depressive symptoms, we followed 69 fifth- and sixth-grade children at risk for depression for 2 years. We compared these children with 49 children in a matched no-treatment control group. The prevention group reported fewer depressive symptoms through the 2-year follow-up, and moderate to severe symptoms were reduced by half. Surprisingly, the effects of the prevention program grew larger after the program was over. We suggest that psychological immunization against depression can occur by teaching cognitive and social skills to children as they enter puberty.
Psychological Science © 1995 Association for Psychological Science