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El género y el prestigio profesional

Carmen Gómez Bueno
Reis: Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas
No. 75, Monográfico sobre Desigualdad y Clases Sociales (Jul. - Sep., 1996), pp. 215-233
DOI: 10.2307/40184034
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40184034
Page Count: 19
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El género y el prestigio profesional
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Abstract

El grado de feminización de una ocupación no influye de manera significativa en el prestigio de la misma. Esto no significa que no existan diferencias por género en lo referente al prestigio profesional. El género influye, aunque sutilmente, en los juicios de prestigio que realizan mujeres y hombres. Además, la deseabilidad de las ocupaciones es diferente según cuál sea el género del futuro trabajador. Para contrastar las tres hipótesis mencionadas pedimos a dos muestras de españoles que evaluaran, empleando la técnica de escalación de magnitudes, un listado de ocupaciones. /// The degree of feminization of an occupation does not influence in a significant manner its prestige. This does not mean that there are no differences by gender as far as occupational prestige is concerned. Gender has an influence, even though a subtle one, on judging the prestige attached to an occupation performed by a man or by a woman. In addition, the desirability of occupations is different according to the gender of the future worker. In order to contrast the three hypotheses mentioned above, we did two surveys with different Spanish samples of adult population who evaluated a list of occupations using the magnitude scale technique.

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