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¿Por qué se van las mujeres? El continuum de movilidad como hipótesis explicativa de la masculinización rural (Why Are Women Leaving? The Mobility Continuum as an Explanation of Rural Masculinization Process)

Luis Camarero and Rosario Sampedro
Reis: Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas
No. 124 (Oct. - Dec., 2008), pp. 73-105
DOI: 10.2307/40184907
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40184907
Page Count: 33
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
¿Por qué se van las mujeres? El continuum de movilidad como hipótesis explicativa de la masculinización rural (Why Are Women Leaving? The Mobility Continuum as an Explanation of Rural Masculinization Process)
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Abstract

La masculinización de las poblaciones rurales en España es un fenómeno endémico. Para indagar en sus causas, se analiza la evolución de distintas cohortes de nacidos en municipios rurales y su comportamiento migratorio en función de su nivel de estudios, situación laboral y prácticas de movilidad, especialmente en relación con los mercados laborales. Dicho análisis compara la región de Castilla y León, en donde el fenómeno alcanza la mayor intensidad, con la Comunidad Valenciana, en la que la masculinización aparece atenuada. Las conclusiones apuntan a que los procesos de arraigo y desarraigo de las mujeres rurales están relacionados con las oportunidades laborales y el acceso a la movilidad espacial. El carácter limitado de los mercados de trabajo rurales es resuelto mediante estrategias de commuter y de emigración como vía de acceso a empleos urbanos, estrategias que resultan claramente diferenciadas por género. /// In Spain, the masculinization of rural towns and villages is an endemic process. In order to enquire into the reasons for this, an analysis is made of the evolution of different cohorts of people born in rural towns and their migratory behaviour using different variables: their level of education, work situation and mobility practices, particularly in relation to labour markets. This analysis makes a comparison between the region of Castile and Leon, where the phenomenon is the most intense, and the Autonomous Region of Valencia, where masculinization appears to be much more reduced. The conclusions seem to indicate that the processes governing whether rural women stay put or uproot themselves are related to employment prospects and access to spatial mobility. The restricted nature of rural labour markets resolved by using commuter and migration strategies as a way of accessing urban employment, strategies that are clearly differentiated by gender.

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