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A Prospective Study of Personality Changes in Students in Medicine, Dentistry, and Nursing

Harrison G. Gough and Wallace B. Hall
Research in Higher Education
Vol. 1, No. 2 (1973), pp. 127-140
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40194645
Page Count: 14
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A Prospective Study of Personality Changes in Students in Medicine, Dentistry, and Nursing
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Abstract

Seventy male medical students from two classes took the California Psychological Inventory in years 1 and 4. Eight scales differentiated significantly in one class, 4 in the other. Analysis of all 140 CPI protocols in a Time-2 versus Time-1 regression identified 4 key variables: sociability, socialization, and good impression weighted negatively, and achievement via independence weighted positively. Of 168 students of nursing tested at entry and graduation, the equation produced a hit rate of 62.5 percent in classifying the 336 protocols; for 47 dental students tested twice (94 protocols), the hit rate was 56.4 percent. Chance both times would be 50.0 percent. Adjectival descriptions of 70 medical school applicants depicted Ss scoring higher on the equation as more reasonable, taciturn, and insightful, those scoring lower as more suggestible, conventional, and emotionally expressive.

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