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Negative πϱίν Clauses and the Rhetoric of Achilles

John R. Wilson
Glotta
69. Bd., 3./4. H. (1991), pp. 175-183
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40266889
Page Count: 9
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Negative πϱίν Clauses and the Rhetoric of Achilles
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Abstract

A review of πρív clauses dependent on a negative main clause (negative πρív clauses) in the Iliad shows a whole series of 18 such clauses that set up the conditions of action or inaction for a hero or a god. These are all directly or indirectly connected with Achilles. In three instances, however, πρív clauses appear even after an absolute negation (9.379 ff., 22.262 ff., 24.550 f.). These 'illogical' πρív clauses are all spoken by Achilles and suit the special character of his rhetoric. Discussion of 22.262 ff. includes a study of 8 negative πρív clauses that express a hero's commitment to a life and death combat. The 5 negative πρív clauses that do not belong to the above three groups are briefly listed in a final paragraph.

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