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El sistema educativo japonés: sus características y la formación escolar de la población

Juan José Ramírez Bonilla
Estudios de Asia y Africa
Vol. 28, No. 3 (92) (Sep. - Dec., 1993), pp. 355-369
Published by: Colegio de Mexico
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40312415
Page Count: 15
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El sistema educativo japonés: sus características y la formación escolar de la población
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Abstract

References to Japanese "miracle" are generally limited to its economic aspects; politic and social factors are usually left in the darkness. The article "The educational Japanese system" is a survey on those factors. In the first part, the reader finds a general panorama about the educational system evolution from Meiji restoration to the postwar period; its juridical basis and administratif structure, based on decentralization and municipal autonomy, are enhanced. In the second part, the author analyses social conditions which allow Japan to offer a twelve years scholar formation to almost 100% of its population. He studies compulsory education system fonctionment and offers and image on social and familiar costs in both public and private scholar systems. Besides, he analyses each educational level and its results as well as public and private participation to cover demand from pre-scholar to superior level. The article underlines the complementary courses, named by japaneses "the school after the school", and its influence on terminal efficiency in formal system; but it shows also the negative effects on students' psychology and creativeness. As conclusion, the next educative reform's axis are framed.

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