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The Earliest Sea Mammal Hunters of Wrangell Island
N. N. Dikov
Vol. 25, No. 1 (1988), pp. 80-93
Published by: University of Wisconsin Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40316156
Page Count: 14
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Wrangell Island, the large arctic island north of Chukotka, was thought to have been colonized by the Eskimos and Chukchi only during recent times. In 1975, the author found evidence of a Paleo-Eskimo occupation at Devil's Gorge on the island's southern coast. Artifacts include stone projectile points, knives, graver-knives, and scrapers, and a few ivory pieces including a toggle harpoon head with line hole, open blade basin, and open basal socket. Radiocarbon dates (uncorrected) for the occupation range between 2850 and 3360 years ago. The Wrangell Island occupation represents the westernmost of many Paleo-Eskimo sites found distributed across the New World Arctic and adjacent regions. This discovery extends the known range of Paleo-Eskimo sites, and requires that we evaluate its place in the origin and spread of that arctic adaptation.
Arctic Anthropology © 1988 University of Wisconsin Press