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Finitude de l'homme et infini de la volonté dans "L'Action"

René Virgoulay
Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
T. 49, Fasc. 3, Maurice Blondel: No Centenário de L 'Action (1893-1993) (Jul. - Sep., 1993), pp. 371-384
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40337044
Page Count: 14
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Finitude de l'homme et infini de la volonté dans "L'Action"
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Abstract

L'infini de la volonté voulante n'exclut pas la finitude de l'homme; il l'accentue plutôt dans la mesure où l'homme est incapable de saturer son désir et de s'achever par lui-même. Cette finitude apparaît comme disproportion ontologique dans l'écart du savoir, du pouvoir et du faire, comme faillite de la volonté voulue dans l'expérience de la faute meurtrière. L'ultime tentative de l'autosuffisance humaine consiste à borner le désir et à l'investir dans un fini absolutisé, comme en témoignage l'action superstitieuse. Dans le cas de l'option positive, qui est de "vouloir l'infini" , peut-on concevoir l'achèvement de l'action comme "divinisation" de l'homme? Oui, a condition de ne pas en faire un donné de nature, ni un acquis de l'homme, mais un accueil du don surnaturel qui exige l'aveu de l'insuffisance. /// O infinito da vontade profunda "voulante" não exclui a finitude do homem; antes a acentua na medida em que o homem é incapaz de saturar o seu desejo e de se completar por si mesmo. Esta finitude aparece como desproporção ontológica no distanciamento do saber, do poder e do fazer, como falência (faillite) da vontade concreta "voulue" na experiência da falta mortífera. A ùltima tentativa da autosuficiência humana consiste em limitar o desejo e em investir num finito absolutizado, como o testemunha a acção supersticiosa. No caso da opção positiva, que é de "querer o infinito", pode conceber-se o acabamento da acção como "divinizacao" do homem? Sim, se não se fizer disso urn dado da natureza, nem uma aquisição do homem, mas urn acolhimento do dom sobrenatural que exige a confissão da insuficiência. /// The infinity of the "willing will" ("volonté voulante") does not exclude man's finiteness. It rather stresses it, by the fact that man is unable to completely satisfy his desire, and to fulfil himself on his own. This finiteness appears as ontological disproportion far from both knowledge, power and acting, and as deficiency ("faillite") of the "willed will" ("volonté vouloue") in the experience of a deadly fault. The last attempt of human self-sufficiency consists in limiting desire, and in investing in an absolute finite, as in the case of a supeititious action. As to positive option, which means "desiring the infinite", should the completing of an action be seen as man's "divinization"? The answer is yes, but only if it is taken neither as a natural datum, nor as a man's acquisition, but rather as an wellcoming of the supernatural gift which demands the acknowledgement of one's insufficiency.

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