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Coluccio Salutati: e o Paradigma Filosófico do Humanismo

Leonel Ribeiro dos Santos
Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
T. 58, Fasc. 4, Filosofia No Renascimento: Autores e Problemas (Oct. - Dec., 2002), pp. 773-800
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40337720
Page Count: 28
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Coluccio Salutati: e o Paradigma Filosófico do Humanismo
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Abstract

Tendo por objecto a análise da obra de Coluccio Salutati, De nobilitate legum et medicine (1399), este ensaio propõe-se captar a formulação do paradigma filosófico do Humanismo em torno de um tríplice debate que naquela obra se expõe: um debate episte-mológico acerca do estatuto dos saberes - da ciência natural, representada pela Medicina, e dos estudos humanos, representados pela Ciência das Leis; um debate éticoantropológico acerca do valor e primado da vida activa ou da vida especulativa e, por conseguinte, um confronto de modelos antropológicos entre o ideal do homem intelectual dedicado apenas à investigação da verdade e o ideal do homem moral, cuja principal faculdade é a vontade, a qual se exerce na acção virtuosa e na acção política; por último, um debate de alcance metafísico, na medida em que se propõe a inversão do modo tradicional de entender os transcendentais, — o ens, o verum, o bonum - subordinando-se a ontologia do ens e do verum a uma ontologia do bonum. /// Having for subject the analysis of Coluccio Salutati's De nobilitate legum et medicine (1399), this essay aims to show the formulation of the early philosophical paradigm of Humanism taking into account the threefold debate this work explains: an epistemic debate about the status of sciences, the natural sciences represented by Medicine, and the human sciences represented by Law; an ethical and anthropological debate about the excellency of the vita activa over the vita speculativa; finally, a metaphysical debate that subverts the traditional view of the relation between the transcendentals, establishing the precedence of bonum above ens and verum.

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