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A Ordem e o Cavaleiro: A via mística em Joaquim de Fiore e São Bernardo

Noeli Dutra Rossatto
Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia
T. 60, Fasc. 3, Sapientia Dei - Scientia Mundi: Bernardo de Claraval e o Seu Tempo (Jul. - Sep., 2004), pp. 719-736
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40337851
Page Count: 18
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A Ordem e o Cavaleiro: A via mística em Joaquim de Fiore e São Bernardo
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Abstract

Joaquim de Fiore acusou Pedro Lombardo da heresia quaternarista e não muito tempo depois foi condenado por triteísmo no IV Concílio Lateranense de 1215. O erro do abade foi o de ter afirmado a unidade trinitária por colectividade. A historiografia mantém ainda a hipótese de que esse erro possa ter tido origem na doutrina herética de Gilberto de la Porée. Porém, ao relacionar o Abade de Fiore e o Abade de Claraval torna-se difícil manter tal hipótese. Difícil será também continuar a aceitar como equivocada a afirmação de tal tipo de unidade trinitária. Não obstante, ainda que parte do problema se resolva na relação entre os dois abades, é preciso ter presente que a via mística proposta por eles é diferente. Um segue a via do conhecimento e da ascensão espiritual colectiva. O outro segue a via da vontade e do êxtase individual. /// Joachim of Fiore accused Peter Lombard of the "quaternary" heresy only to be later himself condemned for tritheism at the Fourth Lateran Council (1215 A. D.). The Abbot's error was to affirm the trinitary unity by means of the collective. The historiography still sustains the hypothesis that this error originated in the heretical doctrine of Gilbert de la Poree. However, it is difficult to keep such hypothesis when we relate the Abbot of Fiore and the Abbot of Clairvaux. Also difficult will be to persevere accepting as equivocated the affirmation of such Trinitarian unity. What is more, even if part of the problem can be solved by relating both abbots, it is necessary to understand that the mystical way proposed by each of them is quite different. One follows the way of knowledge and of the collective spiritual ascension while the other follows the way of the will and of individual ecstasy.

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