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Socialismo en el Nuevo Mundo: Australia y Estados Unidos, 1788-1914

Aurora Bosch
Historia Social
No. 21 (1995), pp. 19-46
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40340395
Page Count: 28
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Socialismo en el Nuevo Mundo: Australia y Estados Unidos, 1788-1914
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Abstract

El debate sobre la ausencia de socialismo y la excepcionalidad norteamericana, se ha basado en la comparación con una Europa abstracta y ahistórica. El presente artículo aborda este debate desde otra perspectiva, al plantear la comparación histórica con otro pais "nuevo" y anglosajón en sus orígenes: Australia entre 1788 y 1914. Con el siglo xx el laborismo australiano llegaba al poder y el socialismo norteamericano fracasaba en crear un tercer partido, que desafiara la hegemonía de Republicanos y Demoóratas. Sin embargo, ambos paises eran objeto de la atención europea por sus logros sociales y políticos, conseguidos sin cuestionar el capitalismo ni la democracia. /// The debate on the failure of socialism in the USA and the exceptional nature of the latter has previously been based on a comparison with an abstract and ahistorical Europe. This article takes up the discussion from another stance, proposing a historical comparison with another "new" and originally Anglo-Saxon country: Australia between 1788 and 1914. At the beginning of the 20th century, Australian labourism came to power while American socialism failed to create a third party able to challenge the hegemony of the Republican and Democratic parties. Both countries, however, caught European attention through their social and political successes, which were achieved without questioning either capitalism or democracy.

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