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De la ilusión al desencanto: Feijoo y los "falsos posesos" en la españa del siglo XVIII

María Tausiet
Historia Social
No. 54 (2006), pp. 3-18
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40340980
Page Count: 16
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
De la ilusión al desencanto: Feijoo y los "falsos posesos" en la españa del siglo XVIII
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Abstract

Entre los muchos ataques que el benedictino padre Feijoo lanzara contra las creencias del Ilamado vulgo, uno de los discursos más encendidos es sin duda el dedicado a la figura de los endemoniados. Desde su punto de vista, la proliferatión de falsos posesos constituía un engaño muy grave ampliamente aceptado por la mayoría de la población. La comprension del fenómeno de la posesión como un lenguaje o expresión cultural caracteristicos de la cultura popular tardaría aún muchos años en producirse. En pleno siglo xvm el mérito de Feijoo no radicaba, por tanto, en sus conocimientos científicos o en la congruencia de sus argumentos, sino en su actitud experimental y abierta a nuevas vias de entendimiento. /// Among the many attacks that the Benedictine Father Benito Feijoo launched against the so-called vulgo (the "common herd"), one of the most impassioned was undoubtedly that dedicated to those possessed by the Devil. From his perspective, the proliferation of the falsely possessed constituted a serious deception which was widely accepted by the masses. The interpretation of possession as a language or cultural expression typical of popular culture would not emerge until many years later. In the middle of the eighteenth century, Feijoo's worth did not stem from his scientific knowledge or his cogent arguments, but from his open and experimental approach to new paths of understanding.

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