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Jewish Refugees from Nazism, Albert Einstein, and the Modernization of Higher Education in Turkey (1933–1945)

Arnold Reisman
Aleph
No. 7 (2007), pp. 253-281
Published by: Indiana University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40377865
Page Count: 29
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Jewish Refugees from Nazism, Albert Einstein, and the Modernization of Higher Education in Turkey (1933–1945)
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Abstract

Some 190 persecuted scientists from Nazi Germany found refuge in Turkey between 1933 and 1945. In July 1933, the Notgemeinschaft Deutscher Wissenscbaftler im Ausland (Emergency Assistance Organization for German Scientists) contacted the Turkish government, asking it to offer positions to senior level persecuted scientists and physicians (Jewish and non-Jewish). The Turkish government, for its part, was already engaged in a vast enterprise of reforming its system of higher education and was keen to seize this opportunity. Historians have taken little notice of this important episode of the Shoah, in which Albert Einstein also played a role (albeit minor). The integration of the emigre scientists in Turkey is described and their influence on its development discussed. The perception of this episode by public opinion in Turkey today is also considered.

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