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Early Lapita Settlement Site at Bourewa, Southwest Viti Levu Island, Fiji
Patrick D. Nunn, Roselyn Kumar, Sepeti Matararaba, Tomo Ishimura, Johnson Seeto, Sela Rayawa, Salote Kuruyawa, Alifereti Nasila, Bronwyn Oloni, Anupama Rati Ram, Petero Saunivalu, Preetika Singh and Esther Tegu
Archaeology in Oceania
Vol. 39, No. 3 (Oct., 2004), pp. 139-143
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40387292
Page Count: 5
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Charcoal, Beaches, Radiocarbon dating, Shell middens, Excavations, Radiocarbon calibration, Polynesian studies, Island settlements, Maps, Coasts
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A newly-discovered Lapita settlement at Bourewa on southwest Viti Levu Island, Fiji, was established originally on an offshore island perhaps as much as 1220 BCE by people whose main concern was optimal access to the broad fringing reef. Satellite settlements were established at nearby Rove and Waikereira later in Lapita times. The three oldest radiocarbon dates obtained from the base of the tightly-packed shell midden layer excavated at Bourewa and charcoal in the beach sand below are calibrated/corrected to 1220-970 BCE, 1210-940 BCE, and 1130-910 BCE. The Bourewa Lapita site appears to be the oldest-known in Fiji.
Archaeology in Oceania © 2004 Wiley