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Several contact and growth-regulator herbicides were evaluated as desiccants on greenhouse-grown cucumbers (Cucumis sativus L., var Ashly), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench, var. Combine Kafir-60), mango (Mangifera indica L.), and field-grown guava (Psidium guajava L.). Pentachlorophenol (PCP) and 4,6-dinitro-o-sec-butylphenol (DNBP) consistently acted the fastest among compounds applied on several species. Herbicides such as 1,1′-dimethyl-4,4′-bipyridinium salt (paraquat) 6,7-dihydrodipyrido (1,2-a:2′c)pyrazidiinium salt (diquat), and the butyl esters of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid plus 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D:2,4,5-T) were equally effective within 3 days after treatment of some species. Several other herbicides and herbicide mixtures were evaluated. Herbicide specificity and speed of desiccation varied with species. Adjuvants increased the phytotoxicity of some herbicides.
Weed Science © 1969 Weed Science Society of America