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Soil incorporated into the tuber zone of purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus L.) at 1 to 9 kg/ha, O,O-diisoproyl phosphorodithioate S-ester with N-(2-mercaptoethyl)benzenesulfonamide (bensulide) inhibited the growth of roots on plants developing from these tubers. The inhibitory effect was temporary and occurred only when bensulide was in intimate contact with the tubers and developing plants. When tubers were removed from bensulide-treated soil, washed, and replanted in untreated soil, root growth was normal. The production of shoots from tubers planted in bensulide-treated soil apparently was not affected, but shoot-growth was retarded when root growth was suppressed. When bensulide was incorporated into the upper 5-cm layer of soil, the shoots of nutsedge plants developing from tubers located below this layer grew through the treated soil with no adverse effect; the roots of these plants developed from basal bulbs below the layer of treated soil and were normal. Leaching bensulide-treated soil with 37.6 hectarecm of water did not move enough bensulide into the soil to cause inhibitory growth effects on purple nutsedge.
Weed Science © 1970 Weed Science Society of America