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Éxitos y límites de la democratización en América Latina

Alain Touraine
Estudios Sociológicos
Vol. 16, No. 48 (Sep. - Dec., 1998), pp. 745-760
Published by: El Colegio de Mexico
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40420541
Page Count: 16
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Éxitos y límites de la democratización en América Latina
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Abstract

Después del largo periodo de dominación de las dictaduras militares, guerrillas, o partidos únicos o casi únicos en nuestros países latinoamericanos, el autor se pregunta si van ganando terreno las instituciones democráticas y si es cada vez más aceptada la idea de democracia, tildada durante décadas como "pequeñoburguesa" o como cortina que oculta el poder de la oligarquía, del imperialismo extranjero o del colonialismo interno. Para ello, el autor sostiene que no basta con saber si efectivamente se trata de procesos e interacciones legítimamente democráticos, sino que conviene precisar el punto de partida histórico del análisis, es decir, el retroceso de las políticas autoritarias que, por cierto, no puede ser identificado con la democratización pero que es, en el continente, un prerrequisito de la formación de un sistema político democrático. /// After the long period in which military dictatorships, guerrillas and single or almost single parties dominated Latin American countries, the author wonders if democratic institutions gain ground and if the idea of democracy, stigmatized for decades as "petit-bourgeois" and as a curtain to hide the power of oligarchy, foreign imperialism or internal colonialism, is growing in acceptance. The author claims that knowing if the processes and interactions are actually democratic is not enough, for what is really convenient is to determine the historical starting point of the analysis, i.e. the withdrawal of authoritarian politics —which, by the way, cannot be identified with democratization, although in our continent this withdrawal is a precondition for the appearance of a democratic political system.

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