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Rad52 Promotes Second-End DNA Capture in Double-Stranded Break Repair to Form Complement-Stabilized Joint Molecules
Amitabh V. Nimonkar, R. Alejandro Sica and Stephen C. Kowalczykowski
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 106, No. 9 (Mar. 3, 2009), pp. 3077-3082
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40443272
Page Count: 6
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Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad52 performs multiple functions during the recombinational repair of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) breaks (DSBs). It mediates assembly of Rad51 onto single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) that is complexed with replication protein A (RPA); the resulting nucleoprotein filament pairs with homologous dsDNA to form joint molecules. Rad52 also catalyzes the annealing of complementary strands of ssDNA, even when they are complexed with RPA. Both Rad51 and Rad52 can be envisioned to promote "second-end capture," a step that pairs the ssDNA generated by processing of the second end of a DSB to the joint molecule formed by invasion of the target dsDNA by the first processed end. Here, we show that Rad52 promotes annealing of complementary ssDNA that is complexed with RPA to the displaced strand of a joint molecule, to form a complement-stabilized joint molecule. RecO, a prokaryotic homolog of Rad52, cannot form complement-stabilized joint molecules with RPA-ssDNA complexes, nor can Rad52 promote second-end capture when the ssDNA is bound with either human RPA or the prokaryotic ssDNAbinding protein, SSB, indicating a species-specific process. We conclude that Rad52 participates in second-end capture by annealing a resected DNA break, complexed with RPA, to the joint molecule product of single-end invasion event. These studies support a role for Rad52-promoted annealing in the formation of Holliday junctions in DSB repair.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2009 National Academy of Sciences