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Behavior of Imazethapyr in Soybeans (Glycine max), Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea), and Selected Weeds

Tracy A. Cole, Glenn R. Wehtje, John W. Wilcut and T. Vint Hicks
Weed Science
Vol. 37, No. 5 (Sep., 1989), pp. 639-644
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4045122
Page Count: 6
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Behavior of Imazethapyr in Soybeans (Glycine max), Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea), and Selected Weeds
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Abstract

Imazethapyr was applied at 0.14 kg ae/ha to soybean, peanut, sicklepod. Florida beggarweed, and redroot pigweed as either a soil, foliar, or soil plus foliar application. Soybean and peanut were the most tolerant species; redroot pigweed was the most sensitive, with sicklepod and Florida beggarweed being intermediate. Foliar or foliar plus soil applications were more effective in reducing sicklepod and Florida beggarweed fresh weights than soil application alone. Foliar absorption of ¹⁴C-imazethapyr 72 h after treatment was greater than 90% for soybean, peanut, sicklepod, and redroot pigweed, but only 77% in Florida beggarweed. For the species evaluated, the amount translocated from the treated leaf ranged from 5 to 16% after 72 h. Within this same time period, an average of 90% of the root-absorbed imazethapyr had been translocated to the shoot in all species except peanut. The half-life of imazethapyr was 6.6, 6.5, 14.4, 24.0, and 32.1 days in soybean, peanut, Florida beggarweed, sicklepod, and redroot pigweed, respectively. Tolerance was most closely associated with imazethapyr half-life within these species.

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