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Indus-Kohistan Entwurf einer historischen Ethnographie

Karl Jettmar
Anthropos
Bd. 78, H. 3./4. (1983), pp. 501-518
Published by: Anthropos Institut
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40460645
Page Count: 18
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Indus-Kohistan Entwurf einer historischen Ethnographie
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Abstract

Indus-Kohistan, i.e., the valleys on both sides of the gorges of the Indus north of Tarbela, was never conquered by the Britishers and remained a blank spot on the linguistic and cultural map of Asia. In 1954 Fredrik Barth was allowed a short trip through the valleys west of the Indus. His report is surprisingly exact in many details but he failed to understand that the "wesh"-system, i.e., the practice of periodical reallotment of land, is by no means an heritage from a hoary past "shared with many Indo-European peoples." During conversion to Islam it was introduced by Pashtun missionaries as part of a political and social Utopia. It needs the foregoing grouping of the lineages of landowners in segments of equal size forming together close-knit "republics." By this organization the Kohistanis were able to repel the invading Pashtun tribesmen.

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