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Development as a Historical Process: A Social and Cultural History of Development in a Nuba Mountains Community
Bd. 79, H. 4./6. (1984), pp. 459-471
Published by: Anthropos Institut
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40461869
Page Count: 13
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Villages, Muslims, Clans, Labor migration, Cultural identity, Flour mills, Kinship, Merchants, Agricultural land, Property inheritance
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The article presents a case study of the developmental process in one community of the Nuba Mountains. Its purpose is to show the interaction of social cultural factors with processes of rural economic development. Economic development in the Nuba Mountains comprised spread of labour migration from the 1930s on, an expansion subsistence agriculture, and in recent decades developments that include, i.a., the provision of educational and health facilities, and access to flour mills and cash-cropping schemes. The processes of economic development are understood, however, from their relation to social and cultural factors and decisions, even if on the surface they may seem unconnected. These decisions can range from revisions in the social division of labour, the re-apportionment of property and inheritance, and changes in the systems of kinship, marriage, and descent organization to religious conversion and ideological assimilation. While the complexity of these interacting processes requires detailed attention to a confined ethnographic area, some comparative material is adduced from other parts of the region.
Anthropos © 1984 Anthropos Institut