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On the History of Mongolian Shamanism in Anthropological Perspective

Klaus Hesse
Anthropos
Bd. 82, H. 4./6. (1987), pp. 403-413
Published by: Anthropos Institut
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40463470
Page Count: 11
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On the History of Mongolian Shamanism in Anthropological Perspective
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Abstract

Mongol shamanism is here reconsidered in diachronic perspective from the viewpoint of shamanist world-view, the social functions of shamanism, and its interrelatedness with the social and societal organization of the Mongols. Special emphasis is laid on the conceptions of white and black, and great and small shamanism and their transformations in the process of state formation and the re-introduction of Buddhism (Lamaism) in the 16th century. With the partly violent introduction of Buddhism and the prosecution of the shamans the great time of shamanism came to an end in Mongolia. Great and especially white shamanism was transformed into yellow shamanism which played a significant part in Mongol folk religion. Black and small shamanism persisted among the local communities, especially at the fringes of Lamaist influence, and this shamanism continued in secrecy, in resistence to, and partly in co-existence with Lamaism down to the 20th century.

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