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Zum Begriff der Deszendenz. Ein selektiver Überblick

Wolfgang Kraus
Anthropos
Bd. 92, H. 1./3. (1997), pp. 139-163
Published by: Anthropos Institut
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40465363
Page Count: 25
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Zum Begriff der Deszendenz. Ein selektiver Überblick
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Abstract

Descent has been a basic concept in anthropology at least since Morgan's times. Theorizing descent has preoccupied British and American anthropologists to a much greater extent than their German-speaking collegues, and their efforts have produced various and contradictory positions. Concentrating on the works of Rivers, Radcliffe-Brown, Fortes, and Scheffler, a number of different theoretical constructions of descent are compared and examined as to their consistency and theoretical utility. Scheffler's argument that there are serious formal reasons for defining the concept in such a way as to exclude "bilateral" or "cognatic descent" is accepted. Contrary to Scheffler, however, it is concluded that some ideological aspects should be retained in the definition of descent.

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