You are not currently logged in.
Access JSTOR through your library or other institution:
If You Use a Screen ReaderThis content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Niche Partitioning in the Coevolution of 2 Distinct RNA Enzymes
Sarah B. Voytek and Gerald F. Joyce
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 106, No. 19 (May 12, 2009), pp. 7780-7785
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40482849
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Enzymes, Evolution, RNA, Enzyme substrates, Coevolution, Species, Complementary DNA, Genetic mutation, Molecules, Polymerase chain reaction
Were these topics helpful?See something inaccurate? Let us know!
Select the topics that are inaccurate.
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Preview not available
Organisms that compete for limited resources within a common environment may evolve traits that allow them to exploit distinct ecological niches, thus enabling multiple species to coexist within the same habitat. The process of niche partitioning now has been captured at the molecular level, employing the method of continuous in vitro evolution. Mixed populations of 2 different "species" of RNA enzymes were made to compete for limited amounts of one or more substrates, with utilization of the substrate being necessary for amplification of the RNA. Evolution in the presence of a single substrate led to the extinction of one or the other enzyme, whereas evolution in the presence of 5 alternative substrates led to the accumulation of mutations that allowed each enzyme to exploit a different preferred resource. The evolved enzymes were capable of sustained coevolution within a common environment, exemplifying the emergence of stable ecological niche behavior in a model system. Biochemical characterization of the 2 evolved enzymes revealed marked differences in their kinetic properties and adaptive strategies. One enzyme reacted with its preferred substrate ≈100-fold faster than the other, but the slower-reacting species produced 2-to 3-fold more progeny per reacted parent molecule. The in vitro coevolution of 2 or more species of RNA enzymes will make possible further studies in molecular ecology, including the exploration of more complex behaviors, such as predation or cooperation, under controlled laboratory conditions.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2009 National Academy of Sciences