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Ausdruck- und inhaltbezogene Wortbildungslehre Grundzüge eines funktionalen Modells

Erich Seidelmann
Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik
46. Jahrg., H. 2 (1979), pp. 149-186
Published by: Franz Steiner Verlag
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40501394
Page Count: 38
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Ausdruck- und inhaltbezogene Wortbildungslehre Grundzüge eines funktionalen Modells
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Abstract

In the last one and a half decades there has been intensive activity, as a result of the generative grammar theory founded by N. Chomsky to describe wordformation processes exclusively or primarily on a syntactic level. These attempts were followed by further primarily semantically oriented ones. It is not, however, justified to attribute an exclusively syntactic or an exclusively semantic character to word-formation since they alternately belong to either category depending on their different patterns. A new functional model is demonstrated here which takes the semantic-syntactic ambivalence of word-formation into account. Word-formation processes take place for each pattern in an special, regular expression-content based relation which is clarified with the aid of an explicit, formalised analysis process. This results in (1) semantic, or (2) syntactic, or (3) semantic and syntactic changes. Example analyses of a representative selection of productive wordformation patterns of present-day Grerman are given. The process allows the accurate definition of free, bound or bifunctional word-formative morphemes. In this connection, the question of the spontaneity of word formation processes as well as aspectual and actional differentiation in verbal nouns are given.

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