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Über Verschmelzungen von Präposition und bestimmtem Artikel. Untersuchungen zu ihrer Form und Funktion in gesprochenen und geschriebenen Varietäten des heutigen Deutsch

Dietrich Hartmann
Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik
47. Jahrg., H. 2 (1980), pp. 160-183
Published by: Franz Steiner Verlag
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40501502
Page Count: 24
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Über Verschmelzungen von Präposition und bestimmtem Artikel. Untersuchungen zu ihrer Form und Funktion in gesprochenen und geschriebenen Varietäten des heutigen Deutsch
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Abstract

In all varieties of present German there are different types of contractions. These contracted forms e. g. am, im, vor, vom etc. consist of segments of prepositions and forms of the definite or indefinite article. Based on different collections of data these contractions are discussed in the article. It will be shown that origin, use, and form of contractions are not exclusively determined by the phonological and phonetic environments but are also influenced by semantic and pragmatic conditions. Consequently some basic considerations as to the semantics of definite and indefinite descriptions have to be presented as a prerequisite for the functional analysis of contractions. The pragmatic conditions are specified as anaphoric, deictic and other relations. It turns out that uncontracted forms of the definite article are used in order to express anaphoric and deictic relations, whereas contractions are used primarily in order to refer to objects qualified as existing unique. The analysis of other data shows that there are other paradigms in German dialects which are functionally equivalent to the forms primarily discussed in this paper.

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