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Journal Article

The Route of Sir John Franklin's Third Arctic Expedition: An Evaluation and Test of an Alternative Hypothesis

Clifford G. Hickey, James M. Savelle and George B. Hobson
Arctic
Vol. 46, No. 1 (Mar., 1993), pp. 78-81
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40511366
Page Count: 4

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Topics: Coasts, Coastal capes, Cairns, Archaeological surveys, Ships, Bays, Goldsmithing, Parliaments
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The Route of Sir John Franklin's Third Arctic Expedition: An Evaluation and Test of an Alternative Hypothesis
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Abstract

An archaeological survey to aid in the determination of the exact route of the last Sir John Franklin expedition following its overwintering at Beechey Island in 1845-46 was conducted in June 1982. The survey was designed to test the hypothesis that the expedition sailed from Beechey Island south to King William Island via McClintock Channel, rather than through Peel Sound and Franklin Strait, as is generally accepted. Surveyed areas included Kilian, Stefansson, and northeast Victoria Islands in northwest McClintock Channel, and Russell and northern Prince of Wales Islands to the northeast of McClintock Channel. Although three cairns associated with Austin's searching expedition of 1850-51 were located, as well as several prehistoric and historic Inuit sites, no structures or materials associated with the Franklin expedition were identified. While inconclusive, the survey essentially completes the examination of coastlines along which the Franklin expedition may have sailed. /// En juin 1982, on a effectué une étude archéologique destinée à permettre de retracer la route empruntée par la dernière expédition de sir John Franklin après le long hivernage de 1845-46 à l'île Beechey. L'étude avait pour but de vérifier l'hypothèse selon laquelle l'expédition avait navigué de l'île Beechey en direction du sud vers l'île du Roi-Guillaume via le chenal McClintock, plutôt qu'à travers le détroit de Peel et celui de Franklin, comme on le pense habituellement. Les régions de l'étude comprenaient les îles Kilian et Stefansson et le nord-est de l'île Victoria dans la partie nord-ouest du chenal McClintock, ainsi que l'île Russell et la partie septentrionale de l'île du Prince-de-Galles au nord-est du chenal McClintock. Bien qu'on ait localisé trois cairns datant de l'expédition de recherche menée par Austin en 1850-51, ainsi que divers sites inuit préhistoriques et historiques, on n'a pu identifier ni structure ni matériaux remontant à l'expédition Franklin. Si l'étude n'a pas abouti à une conclusion définitive, elle a du moins permis de compléter l'examen du rivage côtier le long duquel l'expédition Franklin a pu naviguer.

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