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Avances y límites de la seguridad hemisférica a inicios del siglo XXI

Raúl Benítez Manaut
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals
No. 64 (DECIEMBRE 2003/ENERO 2004), pp. 49-70
Published by: CIDOB
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40585998
Page Count: 22
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Avances y límites de la seguridad hemisférica a inicios del siglo XXI
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Abstract

A inicios del siglo XXI se ha ampliado notablemente el abanico de amenazas en el mundo, donde el terrorismo, sobre todo después del 11 de septiembre de 2001, claramente se está ubicando como riesgo principal a afrontar. En el ámbito hemisférico, las dificultades para alcanzar un consenso en materia de seguridad y defensa son múltiples, principalmente por la importancia que los distintos países otorgan a su seguridad nacional como elemento prioritario, y por la preeminencia de diseños de seguridad global que trascienden y buscan determinar las políticas y compromisos a nivel hemisférico.La presencia hegemónica de Estados Unidos lleva a este país a querer exportar su agenda de seguridad global, y no siempre hay coincidencias con las naciones de América Latina. La aplicación del Plan Colombia es un buen ejemplo de ello, ya que evidencia los desacuerdos con los medios y las estrategias empleadas. At the beginning of the 21st century, there has been a notable widening of the range of threats in the world, where terrorism, especially after September 11, 2001, is clearly becoming the principal risk to confront. At the hemispheric level, the difficulties in reaching a consensus in the area of security and defence are myriad, primarily due to the importance different countries place on their national security as a priority element, and due to the preeminence of global security designs that transcend and seek to determine policies and commitments at this level. The hegemonic presence of the United States leads this country to want to export its global security agenda, and this does not always coincide with the views of the nations of Latin America. The application of the Colombia Plan is a good example of this, since it bears witness to disagreements over the means and strategies employed.

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