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ÉLÉMENTS POUR L'ANALYSE D'IDOMENEO DE MOZART (1781)

Patrick TAÏEB
Musurgia
Vol. 4, No. 4, Dossiers d'analyse (1997), pp. 41-58
Published by: Editions ESKA
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40591115
Page Count: 18
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ÉLÉMENTS POUR L'ANALYSE D'IDOMENEO DE MOZART (1781)
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Abstract

Cet article est destiné à orienter les étudiants préparant l'épreuve d'analyse sur Idomeneo et l'opéra seria. Le cadre historique est évoqué en introduction pour souligner les conditions excellentes de la cour de Munich et dégager les contraintes implicites qui pesaient sur les auteurs. Après un bref rappel des particularités du livret, qui est inspiré d'une tragédie lyrique de Danchet et Campra, sont envisagés les procédés de cohésion musicale (tonalité, motif, continuité) qui font de cet opéra une oeuvre originale au sein même du corpus des opéras italiens réformés. Des commentaires sur l'ouverture, les airs et les choeurs invitent à une analyse prenant en compte les conditions de sa création et son environnement esthétique, tout en renvoyant à une documentation de base pour la préparation du concours. This article aims to help students prepare for the music analysis test section of the french national competitive examination in music, on Idomeneo and the opera seria. The introduction recalls the historical context in order to point out the excellent conditions at court in Munich, and identify the underlying constraints imposed on authors and composers. First, a short summary of the characteristics of the libretto, inspired by the tragédie lyrique by Danchet and Campra, will be given. Then, the means used to obtain the musical cohesion (key, motive, continuity), which constitutes the originality of this particular work among all those belonging to reformed Italian opera, will be discussed. Comments on the overture, the arias and the chorus sections call for an analysis, which takes into consideration the conditions under which the work was created, as well as its aesthetic background ; they also require a study of the basic documents used to prepare the examination.

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