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The Relationship Between Leadership And Management: An Empirical Assessment

Avis L. Johnson and Fred Luthans
Journal of Managerial Issues
Vol. 2, No. 1 (Spring 1990), pp. 13-25
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40603704
Page Count: 13
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The Relationship Between Leadership And Management: An Empirical Assessment
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Abstract

Both practitioners and academic researchers through the years have wondered about or assumed a direct relationship between management and leadership. The two terms are often used interchangeably and most everyone has their own opinion about the similarities and differences. To date, however, there has been little or no systematic analysis of the relationship between leadership and management. This article utilizes data from two field studies on widely recognized leadership behaviors (initiating structure and consideration) and managerial activities (traditional management functions, human resources, and networking). Specifically, an empirical assessment is made of whether managerial activities are additive to leadership. The results, analyzed by hierarchical multiple regression procedures, indicate that managerial activities do uniquely account for performance, satisfaction, and commitment outcome variables.

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