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« Travailler à l'extérieur » des implications ambivalentes pour les compagnes d'agriculteurs

Céline Bessière
Nouvelles Questions Féministes
Vol. 27, No. 2, L'ambivalence du travail: entre exploitation et émancipation (2008), pp. 53-66
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40620491
Page Count: 14
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
« Travailler à l'extérieur » des implications ambivalentes pour les compagnes d'agriculteurs
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Abstract

Les jeunes compagnes d'agriculteurs occupent de plus en plus des emplois salariés, en dehors de l'exploitation de leur conjoint. Elles conçoivent l'emploi salarié comme la condition de leur émancipation financière et de l'autonomisation de leur activité professionnelle par rapport à leur conjoint, leurs beaux-parents et l'entreprise familiale. Elles cherchent à ne pas reproduire la condition d'aide familiale de leur belle-mère. À partir d'une enquête ethnographique de longue durée, menée dans les exploitations viticoles de la région de Cognac, cet article montre que les processus d'émancipation des compagnes de viticulteurs salariées à l'extérieur de l'exploitation doivent être nuancés et varient selon les positions sociales des un-e-s et des autres. Young women married to or sharing the lives of farmers tend increasingly to have their own paid jobs away from their husbands' or partners' farms. They regard paid employment as the condition of their material freedom and they value the fact of having their own professional activity distinct from that of their partners, their in-laws and the family business. They are determined not to reproduce the conditions of their mothers-in-law, whom they see as simply supplying free labor for the service of the family. Based on long-term ethnographic fieldwork carried out among wine-growing families in the area of Cognac, this article shows that the model of emancipation of younger women through paid work outside the family business is not unambiguous, and that emancipation depends more generally on the social position of the protagonists.

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