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A Review of the Moray eels (Angulliformes: Muraenidae) of the Hawaiian Islands, with Descriptions of Two New Species

Eugenia B. Böhlke and John E. Randall
Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
Vol. 150 (Apr. 14, 2000), pp. 203-278
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4065071
Page Count: 85
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A Review of the Moray eels (Angulliformes: Muraenidae) of the Hawaiian Islands, with Descriptions of Two New Species
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Abstract

Forty-two species of moray eels are found in the Hawaiian Islands; 40 species are described and illustrated, including two new species (two undescribed species of Anarchias will be treated later by other authors). Type specimens of most nominal species have been re-examined, holotypes located (especially for Bleeker species), and lectotypes designated for five species; updated synonymies are listed, and explanatory notes are given. Valid species and their synonyms are summarized in tabular format. The morays of Hawaii include: Echidna nebulosa (Ahl), E. polyzona (Richardson); Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck and Schlegel); Enchelynassa canina (Quoy and Gaimard); Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw); Gymnothorax albimarginatus (Temminck and Schlegel), G. atolli (Pietschmann), G. berndti Snyder, G. buroensis (Bleeker), G. chilospilus Bleeker, G. elegans Bliss, G. eurostus (Abbott), G. flavimarginatus (Rüppell), G. fuscomaculatus (Schultz), G. gracilicauda Jenkins, G. javanicus (Bleeker), G. kidako (Temminck and Schlegel), G. melatremus Schultz, G. meleagris (Shaw), G. nudivomer (Günther), G. nuttingi Snyder, G. pictus (Ahl), G. pindae Smith, G. polyspondylus n. sp., G. prismodon n. sp., G. rueppelliae (McClelland), G. steindachneri Jordan and Evermann, G. undulatus (Lacepède), G. ypsilon Hatooka and Randall; Monopenchelys acuta (Parr); Anarchias leucurus Snyder, A. seychellensis Smith; Scuticaria okinawae (Jordan and Snyder), S. tigrina (Lesson); Uropterygius fuscoguttatus Schultz, U. inornatus Gosline, U. macrocephalus (Bleeker), U. marmoratus (Lacepède), U. polyspilus (Regan), and U. supraforatus (Regan). Lectotypes are selected for Muraena polyzona Richardson, Gymnomuraena fasciata Kaup, Gymnothorax chilospilus Bleeker, Muraena mauritiana Kaup, and Muraena pfeifferi Bleeker.

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