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Die Währungs- und Wirtschaftsreform 1948 im Spiegel unternehmerischer Personalpolitik — Volkswagen, 1945-1950

Ralf Richter
Zeitschrift für Unternehmensgeschichte / Journal of Business History
48. Jahrg., H. 2. (2003), pp. 215-238
Published by: Verlag C.H.Beck
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40696170
Page Count: 24
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Abstract

Economic historians focusing on macroeconomic approaches emphasise the importance of the Currency Reform in 1948 for the rapid growth of the West German industry in the post-war era, while other economic historians deny their significance. This highly controversial discussion is mainly caused by a lack of data, especially on the radical change of the workforce potential. This article aims to examine the significance of the Currency Reform from the personnel management perspective of one of the major West German enterprises. The investigation of a single enterprise allows the use of qualitative and quantitative sources that are not available on a macroeconomic level. The case of the Volkswagen Company shows what difficulties the management had to face to build up a core workforce in the immediate post-war time. It demonstrates to what extent the management was able to control their workforce and to steer the working process. The study also explains what strategies the workers developed in a shortage economy and which factors influenced their working output and quality. From these perspectives of business history the significance of the Currency Reform becomes much more clearer.

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