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A REEXAMINATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION - CRITICAL EVENTS FROM 1912-1940

Ram S. Sriram and Gloria Vollmers
The Accounting Historians Journal
Vol. 24, No. 2 (December 1997), pp. 65-90
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40697486
Page Count: 26
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
A REEXAMINATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION - CRITICAL EVENTS FROM 1912-1940
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Abstract

This study reexamines the accounting profession's response to opportunities and incentives given it during three unique periods in its history to foster reliable accounting, reporting and auditing practices. By profession, we mean the auditors of publicly held companies as represented by the American Institute of Accountants and its predecessor, the American Association of Public Accountants (AAPA). We use two models of professionalism, the Functionalist and the Conflict models, to interpret the profession's response to these events. We find that both self interest and the public interest may have motivated many of the actions taken. These motivations are not, however, mutually exclusive and both may be used to interpret the same behavior.

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