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THE EARLY MISSISSIPPIAN FRONTIER IN THE LOWER CHATTAHOOCHEEAPALACHICOLA RIVER VALLEY

John H. Blitz and Karl G. Lorenz
Southeastern Archaeology
Vol. 21, No. 2 (Winter 2002), pp. 117-135
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40713575
Page Count: 19
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THE EARLY MISSISSIPPIAN FRONTIER IN THE LOWER CHATTAHOOCHEEAPALACHICOLA RIVER VALLEY
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Abstract

Explanations of Mississippian origins are sometimes presented as a choice between in situ cultural developments versus population movement. We examine these contrasting perspectives in the context of interaction among three regional populations with disparate material culture traditions and differing degrees of organizational complexity. We argue that population movement was the mechanism that established the initial Mississippian communities in the lower Chattahoochee-Apalachicola region, and subsequent cultural developments among neighboring indigenous populations were influenced by the presence of immigrant settlers. We propose that the different ways in which regional populations responded to interaction across a geographical, cultural, and sociopolitical frontier placed them on divergent paths to Mississippianization.

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