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GUERRA FREDDA E QUESTIONE DELLE EX COLONIE ITALIANE NEL 1947

Gianluigi Rossi
Africa: Rivista trimestrale di studi e documentazione dell'Istituto italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente
Anno 33, No. 4 (DICEMBRE 1978), pp. 509-524
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40759055
Page Count: 16
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GUERRA FREDDA E QUESTIONE DELLE EX COLONIE ITALIANE NEL 1947
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Abstract

1. Premessa; 2. Punti di vista di Londra e Washington circa il futuro delle ex colonie italiane in relazione alla loro crescente importanza strategica; 3. Il consolidamento dell'intesa anglo-americana per le ex colonie: le conversazioni del Pentagono dell'ottobre '47; 4. Motivi della sostanziale opposizione anglosassone alle richieste italiane. The growing embitterment of East-West relations in 1947 had no doubt a noticeable effect on the attitude of Britain and the United States with respect to the question of the disposal of the former Italian Colonies in Africa after the signature of the Italian peace treaty. On the ground of British and American diplomatic sources, the Author comes to the conclusion that the cold war gave new strategic importance to those territories and meant consequently a gradual alignment of British and American positions. More in detail, he further recognizes that the Americans were in that stage no less than the British opposed to any idea of restoring Italian control over Libya and Eritrea in addition to Somalia and that the main reason for such opposition came from the uncertainty as to the final standing of Italy in the East-West dispute. La détérioration progressive des relations Est-Ouest en 1947 eut sans aucun doute un remarquable effet sur l'attitude de la Brande-Bretagne et des Etats-Unis vis-à-vis la question des anciennes colonies italiennes en Afrique après la signature du traité de paix avec l'Italie. Sur la base de sources diplomatiques anglaises et américaines, l'Auteur parvient à la conclusion que la guerre froide conféra une importance stratégique nouvelle aux territoires en question et comporta par conséquent un alignement graduel des positions américaines et anglaises. Plus particulièrement il estime en outre que les Américains en cette période ne s'opposaient pas moins que les Anglais à l'idée de la restauration du contrôle italien sur la Libye et l'Erythrée en plus de la Somalie et que la raison principale de cela venait de l'incertitude quant à la position définitive de l'Italie dans le conflit Est-Ouest.

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