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Arbeitsplatzunsicherheit und Antizipation von Arbeitslosigkeit als Stadien des Arbeitslosigkeitsprozesses

André Büssing
Soziale Welt
38. Jahrg., H. 3 (1987), pp. 309-329
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40877513
Page Count: 21
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Arbeitsplatzunsicherheit und Antizipation von Arbeitslosigkeit als Stadien des Arbeitslosigkeitsprozesses
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Abstract

Job insecurity (JIS) and anticipation of unemployment (UEM) are considered to be two important and distinct stages of the UEM process. Both stages are analyzed with regard to their objective and subjective characteristics and their potential psychosocial and psychophysical impacts. While present research indicates that negative psychophysical and -social reactions to anticipation of UEM are similar to those of UEM itself, results with respects to JIS are quite heterogeneous. Our quasi-experimental study was performed with N = 180 blast furnace workers from two steel companies. 105 workers come from a company with highly insecure working places and 75 from a company with no JIS. Statistical comparisons show no higher psychosomatic complaints and job strain but lower hope for control, collective control, and job statisfaction for workers facing JIS. Only for these workers do we find reduced psychosomatic complaints and job strain combined with increased hope for control and perceived alternatives on the labor marktet. Therefore, these results support our assumptions that JIS particularly leads to impairments in the forefield of health symptoms, and to increased health hazards. Moreover, we find several variables (for example social support) statistically interacting with JIS in predicting psychosomatic complaints etc. These interactive effects are analyzed with respect to the buffer and coping hypothesis. Finally, we discuss both stages with respect to the so-called differential UEM research and the changing meaning of work values.

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