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Gewerkschaftliche Entwicklung und ökonomischer, beschäftigungsstruktureller und politischer Wandel: Das Beispiel der Gewerkschaften in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Klaus Armingeon
Soziale Welt
39. Jahrg., H. 4 (1988), pp. 459-485
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40877565
Page Count: 27
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Gewerkschaftliche Entwicklung und ökonomischer, beschäftigungsstruktureller und politischer Wandel: Das Beispiel der Gewerkschaften in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
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Abstract

This article focuses attention on the nature of the relationship between changes in economy, employment structure, and politics on the one side and development of trade unions in the FRG between 1950 and 1985 on the other. One of the major findings is that membership figures, organization, and representational efficiency of unions are largely unaffected by business cycles. Changes in the employment structure have not caused increasing fragmentation of the union system. On the other hand, these social changes have confronted DGB-unions with recruitment problems which have not yet been solved. The hypothesis of a depolitization of unions is rejected. Major reasons for the remarkable stability of the union system in the history of the FRG are (1) the economic and political power of unions which is partly guaranteed by institutional means and (2) the continuing impact of class membership on organizational behavior. The variation of absolute and relative membership figures is due to changes in the political power distribution which was favourable to unions in the 1970s.

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