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PREHISTORIC OCCUPATION AT THE CONNOQUENESSING SITE (36BV292), AN UPLAND SETTING IN THE UPPER OHIO RIVER VALLEY

Dennis A. Knepper and Michael D. Petraglia
Archaeology of Eastern North America
Vol. 24 (1996), pp. 29-57
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40914404
Page Count: 29
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PREHISTORIC OCCUPATION AT THE CONNOQUENESSING SITE (36BV292), AN UPLAND SETTING IN THE UPPER OHIO RIVER VALLEY
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Abstract

A comprehensive survey, testing, and data recovery program was recently conducted at the Connoquenessing site (36BV292), a multicomponent occupation site located in the unglaciated upland plateau of western Pennsylvania. As in many upland sites, deposits were shallow and artifact distributions had been disturbed by plowing. Nonetheless, significant data were recovered from the plow zone as well as from intact features surviving in undisturbed subsoil. Diagnostic artifacts and a series of radiocarbon dates indicate that the most intensive occupations occurred during the Late Archaic and Middle Woodland periods. A coordinated, multidisciplinary program of analysis was conducted which indicated that the site served as a generalized procurement and resource processing camp during both of the major periods of use. This study confirms the quality and interpretive value of the data available through intensive study of such upland locales.

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