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Palaeolithic research in Kalamakia Cave, Areopolis, Peloponnese
Andreas Darlas and Henry de Lumley
British School at Athens Studies
Vol. 3, THE PALAEOLITHIC ARCHAEOLOGY OF GREECE AND ADJACENT AREAS: Proceedings of the ICOPAG Conference, Ioannina, September 1994 (1999), pp. 293-302
Published by: British School at Athens
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40960239
Page Count: 10
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Kalamakia Cave is part of a vast karstic limestone network, forming numerous caves in the cliffs on the W coast of the Mani peninsula in the S Peloponnese. The cave contains Quaternary deposits with a Tyrrhenian beach at the base, with continental deposits stratified above it. The cave was occupied at the beginning of the Last Glacial period following the lowering of sea level. Occupation was uninterrupted until the entrance was obstructed by considerable scree deposits. The archaeological assemblage dates to the Middle Palaeolithic. The remains of large vertebrates, very fragmented and often burnt, consist essentially of caprines and cervidae. The micro-vertebrates indicate a temperate environment with a Mediterranean influence. Marine shells are also present. The lithic industry, manufactured from several raw material types, is attributed to the Typical Mousterian, with relatively numerous Levallois flakes. It evolves towards a Mousteroid industry in the upper layers. As far as site structures are concerned, several hearths, some intentionally arranged, have been exposed.
British School at Athens Studies © 1999 British School at Athens