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Lung cancer and other mortality patterns among foundrymen
Elizabeth Egan-Baum, Barry A Miller and Richard J Waxweiler
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Vol. 7, Supplement 4. Proceedings of the US-Finnish joint symposium on occupational safety and health and the third annual NIOSH scientific symposium (1981), pp. 147-155
Published by: the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, the Danish National Research Centre for the Working Environment, and the Norwegian National Institute of Occupational Health
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40964864
Page Count: 9
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This report updates a previous proportional mortality study of deaths among members of the International Molders and Allied Workers Union and includes new findings from a nested case-referent study of lung cancer. Death certificates were obtained for 99.2 % of the 3,013 deaths reported to the Union death benefits program between 1971 and 1975. With the use of age-and race-specific cause distributions of all male deaths in the United States for comparison, statistically significant excesses occurred for all malignant neoplasms, lung cancer, and nonmalignant respiratory disease among both the whites and blacks. White foundrymen also exhibited a statistically significant excess of respiratory tuberculosis. The lung cancer case-referent study found a statistically significant (p < 0.05) odds ratio of 2.36 for workers in iron foundries when compared with workers in steel and nonferrous foundries for those who died before the age of 65. A much smaller odds ratio, 1.19, was found for those who died after the age of 64.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health © 1981 Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health