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Hazards of heat exposure: A review
Francis N Dukes-Dobos
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Vol. 7, No. 2 (June 1981), pp. 73-83
Published by: the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, the Danish National Research Centre for the Working Environment, and the Norwegian National Institute of Occupational Health
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40964882
Page Count: 11
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The usefulness of the various heat stress standards recommended by occupational health authorities in the United States is discussed from the point of view of their effectiveness in preventing acute heat illnesses. In this connection, the findings from an investigation of four recent fatal industrial heat casualties are described. A review is presented of the recent literature on acute occupational heat illnesses. Also reviewed is the information on chronic heat illnesses. Most of this latter data comes from studies performed in Europe and South America. However, a recent mortality study among steel workers in the United States contributed significantly to the knowledge of this problem area. This study found the primary targets of chronic heat illnesses to be the cardiovascular and the gastrointestinal systems, although there was some evidence that the reproductive functions may be affected. A discussion on how to prevent chronic heat illnesses is presented.
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health © 1981 Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health