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PREDICTORS OF SERVICE UTILIZATION OF OLDER AFRICAN AMERICANS AND WHITES WITH MENTAL RETARDATION: A RACE INTERACTION ANALYSIS

Lawrence Dalzine, Ali Akbar Mahdi, Patricia Johnson-Dalzine and Charles Martin-Stanley
Michigan Sociological Review
No. 8 (Fall, 1994), pp. 1-18
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40968980
Page Count: 18
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
PREDICTORS OF SERVICE UTILIZATION OF OLDER AFRICAN AMERICANS AND WHITES WITH MENTAL RETARDATION: A RACE INTERACTION ANALYSIS
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Abstract

This study compared tlie service utilization behavior of African Americans and whites on gender, age, broad independence, level of mental retardation, residential location, and social support. Our goal was to determine if African Americans and whites with mental retardation differed in their utilization of medical and social services. Using secondary data collected from 454 adult African Americans and whites with mental retardation, a multiple regression analysis with interaction terms for race indicate significant race differences in utilization only for residential location. Our study found that residing in nursing homes and state institutions was a significantly better predictor of service utilization for African Americans (b= 2.22, p=<. 001) than for whites (b=. 525, p=<.001); but living with parents or relatives was a significantly better predictor of service utilization among whites (b=-. 1.118, p<.001) than for African Americans (b=.022, p= n.s.).

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