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PREDICTORS OF SERVICE UTILIZATION OF OLDER AFRICAN AMERICANS AND WHITES WITH MENTAL RETARDATION: A RACE INTERACTION ANALYSIS
Lawrence Dalzine, Ali Akbar Mahdi, Patricia Johnson-Dalzine and Charles Martin-Stanley
Michigan Sociological Review
No. 8 (Fall, 1994), pp. 1-18
Published by: Michigan Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40968980
Page Count: 18
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Intellectual disability, African Americans, Older adults, Nursing homes, African American studies, White people, African American culture, Developmental disabilities, Diseases, Health care services
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This study compared tlie service utilization behavior of African Americans and whites on gender, age, broad independence, level of mental retardation, residential location, and social support. Our goal was to determine if African Americans and whites with mental retardation differed in their utilization of medical and social services. Using secondary data collected from 454 adult African Americans and whites with mental retardation, a multiple regression analysis with interaction terms for race indicate significant race differences in utilization only for residential location. Our study found that residing in nursing homes and state institutions was a significantly better predictor of service utilization for African Americans (b= 2.22, p=<. 001) than for whites (b=. 525, p=<.001); but living with parents or relatives was a significantly better predictor of service utilization among whites (b=-. 1.118, p<.001) than for African Americans (b=.022, p= n.s.).
Michigan Sociological Review © 1994 Michigan Sociological Association