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L'origine de la génoise dans l'architecture provençale du XVII e siècle

Jean Boyer
Ethnologie française
nouvelle serie, T. 14, No. 4 (octobre-décembre 1984), pp. 387-392
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40988838
Page Count: 6
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L'origine de la génoise dans l'architecture provençale du XVII
          e
          siècle
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Abstract

Appuyant son hypothèse sur une trentaine de contrats notariés des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles, l'auteur propose de situer vers les années 1635-1640 la date d'apparition dans la région d'Aix-en-Provence de cette typique fermeture d'avant-toit, formée de plusieurs rangées de tuiles canal superposées, qu'on appelle génoise. Adopté seulement depuis une vingtaine d'années dans les dictionnaires encyclopédiques français, le terme génoise est par contre utilisé sous la forme genouvese, ginouvese, depuis le milieu du XVIIe siècle par les notaires provençaux. Cette constatation semble confirmer l'origine italienne de cette technique particulière si représentative de l'architecture rurale de la France méridionale. The "genoise" is a form of the eaves of rooftops which is characteristic of the region around Aix-en-Provence. It is made of several rows of hollowed tiles, one on top of the other. Basing his hypothesis on thirty notarial deeds of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the author proposes the years 1635-1640 as the period during which this form first appeared. Although the word has only featured in French dictionaries and encyclopaedias for twenty years, the term "genoise" — in the form "genouvese" or "ginouvese" — has been used by the notaries of Provence since the middle of the seventeenth century. This observation seems to confirm the Italian origins of this particular technique which has become so typical of the rural architecture of southern France.

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