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Simplicité et démocratisation: Quelques remarques

Philippe Perrot
Ethnologie française
nouvelle serie, T. 19, No. 2, L'apparence (Avril-Juin 1989), pp. 140-144
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40989111
Page Count: 5
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Simplicité et démocratisation: Quelques remarques
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Abstract

La démocratisation du XIXe siècle s'accompagne d'une discrétion dans les apparences exprimant toute la « capacité » et toute « l'intériorité » de la société dominante, mais aussi et autant le nouveau credo égalitariste qui, sans jamais mettre en cause l'argent mesurant le mérite, en dénonce les effets, les disparités des conditions matérielles. Pourtant, acceptant que s'instaurent de nouvelles inégalités, nées cette fois de la concurrence dans un monde où tout semble devenu accessible à tous, la démocratisation suscitera, par ailleurs, contre les débordements des parvenus, une discrétion distinctive à laquelle passera maître, dès la Restauration, une aristocratie empruntant à la bourgeoisie son apparence, pour mieux s'en faire reconnaître. During the nineteenth century, the advance of democracy was accompanied by a discretion in appearances which expressed all the "capacities" and all the "interiority" of the dominant social class. But it was also, at the same time, an expression of the new egalitarian credo. Whilst never questioning the fact that money was a measure of merit, it denounced the effects of this fact, the disparities in material conditions. New inequalities had also come into existence, stemming now from competition in a world where everything was supposedly accessible to everyone; democratization, here, was to give rise to a new distinctive discretion.From the period of the Restoration on, the aristocracy was to master this discretion, borrowing from the bourgeoisie its appearance, the better to distinguish itself from the bourgeoisie.

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