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Las potenciales áreas de producción de anís estrellado (Illicium verum) en Argentina

Silvia Falasca, Graciela Galvani and María Angélica Bernabé
Revista Geográfica
No. 148 (JULIO-DICIEMBRE 2010), pp. 83-96
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40996829
Page Count: 14
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Las potenciales áreas de producción de anís estrellado (Illicium verum) en Argentina
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Abstract

The properties of the starry anisette (Illicium verum, Hook) and the climate of its native area were studied. To analyze the agroclimatic aptitude for the development of its cultivation in Argentina, the climatic data from Meteorological and Agrometeorologic Stations in the band -22°LS up to -30°LS during the 1961-2000 period were used. The following bioclimatic variables were analyzed: annual mean temperature, annual thermal amplitude, annual relative humidity; annual mean precipitation and number of days with frost. It could be determined the existence of a small potential area for the cultivation of starry anisette in the country, appropriate and appropriate with limitations areas could be delimited. Facing to an outbreak of the A Influenza, in a mediate future Argentina could invoke sanitary emergency to give authorization to one or more companies for the production and distribution of the antiviral Oseltamivir. Having the raw material, it could be possible to produce it (overcoming the legal barrier of the patents,) to supply the population with the quantity of required dose at prices lower than the international ones. Se estudiaron las propiedades del anís estrellado (Illicium verum, Hook) y el clima del área de origen. Para analizar la aptitud agroclimática Argentina para el desarrollo del cultivo, se emplearon los datos climáticos provenientes de Estaciones Meteorológicas y Agrometeorológicas presentes en la franja -22°LS hasta -30°LS para el periodo 1961-2000. Se analizaron las siguientes variables bioclimáticas: temperatura media anual, amplitud térmica anual, humedad relativa anual; precipitación media anual y número de días con heladas. Pudo comprobarse la existencia de una pequeña zona potencial de cultivo de anís estrellado en el país diferenciándose zonas apropiadas y apropiadas con limitaciones. Frente a un brote de gripe A, en un futuro mediato, Argentina podría invocar la emergencia sanitaria para autorizar a una o más empresas la producción y distribución del antiviral oseltamivir, contando con la materia prima para producirlo, superando la barrera legal de las patentes e intentar abastecer a su población con la cantidad de dosis requeridas y a precios más bajos que los internacionales.

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